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What is Solar PV? - Photovoltaics - Solar PV Panels - PV

Solar Photovoltaics, or Solar PV for short, is a technology in which daylight is converted into electrical power.  It uses energy from the sun to create electricity that will operate electrical appliances and lighting

solar-pv-vergeSolar PV - Photovoltaics

Solar PV requires only daylight, not necessarily sunlight, and is therefore capable of generating electricity on cloudy days. Solar PV works equally well in urban or rural locations. It can be installed on the roof of most homes that can support the equipment and can be easily connected to a building’s electricity supply.

Benefits of Solar PV

When in use, Solar PV does not generate greenhouse gases or cause pollution. Each kilowatt-peak (kWp) of electricity produced can save approximately 455 kilograms of carbon dioxide emissions compared with electricity generated from fossil fuels.

Sunlight for Solar PV Panels

The amount of available sunlight in the UK varies with the latitude of the site. The south of the country has more available light than the north. The total annual energy available varies from approximately 1,259 kWh per metre squared per year in the South-West of England to 850 kWh per metre squared per year in Scotland. The light energy also varies during different seasons of the year with more daylight available in the summer than in the winter.

excellent-sunrise-photographySolar PV Panels

Solar PV panels that are electrically connected together are often referred to as an array. A grouping of Solar PV panels can be fitted in different configurations depending on the local conditions e.g. to follow the shape of a roof or to avoid a roof light. Solar Panels usually have a backing sheet that is opaque but the backing can be transparent, allowing some light through and creating a dappled effect.


Siting of Solar Integrated PV - Solar PV Panels

Solar PV panels can be attached to pitched roofs or flat roofs, fixed vertically onto external walls or located on the ground. They can also be integrated into patent glazing or rain screen cladding systems. They should work efficiently in most locations as long as no part of the panel is shaded from daylight.

Solar PV - Crystalline Silicon Panels

By far the most prevalent bulk material used in the manufacture of Solar PV Panels is crystalline silicon. Bulk silicon is separated into multiple categories according to the crystallinity and crystal size in the resulting ingot, ribbon or wafer. Currently popular solar cells are made from bulk silicon that is cut into wafers between 180 to 240 micrometres thick.